Post date: Mar 31, 2014 3:37:26 PM

Q1. The principle that best define curriculum and evaluation in TVET is the Guba and Linkoln principles of “merit and worth.”

Q2. The curriculum models that are most effective for TVET are the Ecletic approach to evaluation, one that draws from the strength of several different models using common emphasis along with insights generated from analyzing other models.

Q3. The criteria used to develop a curriculum evaluation in TVET are:

a. Can be implemented without making inordinate demand upon district resources.

b. Can be applied to all levels of curriculum – programme of study, field study, courses of study.

c. Make provisions for accessing all significant aspects of curriculum – the written, the taught, the supplied, the tested and learned curricula.

d. Make useful distinction between merit (intrinsic value) and worth (value for given context).

e. Is responsive to the special concern of district stakeholders and is able to provide them with the data the need decision making.

f. Is goal oriented, emphasizing objectives and outcomes.

g. Is sensitive to and makes appropriate provisions for accessing unintended effects.

h. Pay due attention to and make provisions for accessing formative aspect of evaluation.

i. Is sensitive to and makes provision for accessing the special context for the curriculum.

j. Makes provision for accessing opportunity cost – the opportunity lost by those studying the curriculum.

k. Use both quantitative and qualitative methods for gathering and analyzing data.

l. Presents findings in reports responsive to the special needs of several audience.

Q4. For effective instruction in TVET, the learning experiences should be organized such that the selected content and experiences are organized in a sequential and logical order which will aid understanding.

Q5. Effectiveness of learning experiences in TVET can be evaluated by the use of internet enabled assessment tools e.g electronic text. Such evaluation should be carried out immediately after the training so as to know how well the learner have learnt the instructions.

Q6. A field of study can be evaluated using the following sequence:

a. Preparation

b. Access the context.

c. Identify evaluation issues.

d. Develop evaluation design.

e. Implementation of the evaluation.

Q7. Effective teaching can be identified by

a. Quality and quantity of knowledge and skills the students acquired and are using practically .

b. Good performance in external exams.

c. Ability to manipulate the learnt skills in solving problems.