NYIESAN, PATRICK BSU/VTE/M.SC/11/3489

Post date: Mar 31, 2014 2:25:55 PM

1. The three national issues that commonly prompt and shape changes in curriculum and educational systems are

i. Changes necessitated by feedback from curriculum evaluation.

ii. Changes in what is known about learning experiences.

iii. Changes in the objectives of education emanating from changes in social values, beliefs, traditions etc

2. The various participants or stakeholders involved in education reforms and curriculum changes and their respective roles in policy formulation are as follows:

i. Headmaster

ii. Assistant headmaster

iii. Teachers

iv. Students

v. Local government or state education officers

vi. Curriculum developers

vii. Lay citizens

viii. Parents

ix. Interested political officers

x. Academicians

3. The potential problems to curriculum change

i. Denial of teacher involvement

ii. Capabilities of the teachers to successfully effect the change.

iii. Lack of funds

iv. The health status of the school facilities

4. Ways of managing/dealing with conflict

i. Involvement of teachers in curriculum change

ii. Teachers should be change in refresher courses to update their knowledge.

iii. Government at all levels should appropriate funds from their annual budget for the purpose of curriculum change.

iv. School facilities should be improved to take care of changes that may arise in curriculum change.

5. Examples of sensitive challenging curriculum policy in Nigeria in particular; social-political and cultural contex.

i. Religious beliefs

ii. Political favoritism

iii. Cultural discrimination