Post date: Mar 31, 2014 2:41:24 PM

1. The three national issues that commonly prompt and shape changes curriculum and education system are:

i. Globalization

ii. Information an communication technology (ICT)

iii. Entrepreneurship

2 The various participants or stakeholders involve education reform and curriculum change with their roles are as follows:

i. School board members- usually elected by the resident of the school district. They guardians of the policy that help implement changes that will benefit the district.

ii. Superintendent- the school board selects district superintendent. His responsibility is to make sure personnel selection meet state standards and benefits the district with their educational experience.

iii. Teachers- the teacher along with the students plays an interactive role in education process because one can not function without the other. The teachers role is to impact knowledge in students using the curriculum.

iv. Parents- the play key roles as educational stakeholders. Parents primary objective is the assurance that their children will receive a quality education to enable them to lead productive rewarding lives as adults in a global society.

v. Students- the students role is recipient. Students are used as the determinant factor some aspects of education.

3 Problem areas of conflict

i. Lack of sequence- when a student completes his studies at a particular stage and enters into the next stage, he finds it strange and helpless.

ii. Economic problems- change in curriculum requires financial support for teaching materials required and other necessary things.

iii. Political interference- education suffers frustration when every person coming into power brings with him his vested interest and few educational plans for the nation.

iv. Teacher reluctances to accept change- the unwillingness of teachers to change their approaches and accept new curriculum.

v. Lack of teaching materials- many educational programmers fail due to lack of teaching materials.

vi. Inadequate evaluation- proper evaluation selection and the best evaluation methods are to be used for good implementation of the curriculum.

4. Tips for managing curricular conflicts

i. keeping up on the latest curricular changes in your every teachers discipline.

ii. consider diverse opinions and don’t let one persons opinion dominate.

5. the challenging curriculum policy issues in Nigeria are:

Universal Basic Education (UBE) is an educational reform program of the federal republic of Nigeria introduce to serve as a catalyst for achieving free, compulsory and a 9 year education for all.

In trying to implement all these programs, the curriculum was adjusted to include basic science and technology so that a learner who has gone through the 9 years of basic education should have acquired good level of literacy, numeracy, manipulative, communicative, and life skills as well as the ethical, moral and civic values for laying a solid foundation.

- Curriculum for primary 1-3 ( age 6-8 years) basic 1-3

- Middle basic education curriculum for primary 4-6 (age 9-11) basic 4-6.

- Upper basic education curriculum of junior secondary (JSS 1-3) (age 12-14) basic 7-9.