Post date: Mar 31, 2014 8:16:37 PM

Q1. The national issues that prompt and shape changes in curriculum and

educational system are:

i. Changes in the objectives of education emanating from change in the social values, beliefs, traditions etc.

ii. Dissatisfaction with any of the stages of curriculum: aims, leaning experiences methods and evaluation.

iii. Change in system of education.

iv. Religious issues

Q2. The various participants or stake holders involved in educational reform and curriculum change and their respective roles and interest in policy formulation.

i. The curriculum experts

ii. The Parents/community

iii. The professional bodies.

iv. Interest groups.

Q3. Potential problems and areas of conflict in formulating and implementation of curriculum change.

i. Non involvement to the teacher in decision making and actual development and production of curriculum materials.

ii. The capabilities of the teachers to successfully effect the desired change.

iii. The cost of producing and implementing some aspect of a particular curriculum may be prompt curriculum developers to avoid including certain aspect of curriculum that involves the use of materials that are costly. Where the materials are unavailable the implementation is bound to fail.

Q4. Ways of managing conflict and mobilizing public f ongoing curriculum change.

i. Teachers should be given enough opportunities to present their views on what the curriculum should be aim at and how the new it should be implemented.

ii. The national policy on the teacher qualification should be strengthening at both public and private institutions. This will in a way produce teachers that will have the capabilities of successfully implementing changes in curriculum.

iii. Legislation should be formulated to compare government at all levels to set aside certain percentage of their annual budget to take care of curriculum renewal when the need arises.

iv. Periodic enlighten should be carried out to the school teachers and administrators to let the understand that there are agents of curriculum change, and so need not to be suspicious of curriculum change but encourage and bring forth ideas on how and why curriculum should be renewed.

Q5. Examples of sensitive or challenging policy issues in Nigeria, in particular socio-political and cultural context.

i. Religious issues

ii. Political issues

iii. Cultural traditions arid beliefs

iv. Gender balance.

v. Ethnicity.