FANAYAJO AKINBOLADE ANDREW
Post date: Apr 7, 2014 10:56:13 AM
NAME: FANAYAJO AKINBOLADE ANDREW
REG NO: BSU/VTE/12/3741
1. Briefly mention 3 National issues that commonly prompt and shape changes in curriculum and education system.
a) SOCIETAL NEEDS: A major factor which necessitates curriculum renewal is a change in the society’s beliefs giving rise to a change in education objectives. The aim of any educational in any society is to educate its children and improve and maintain its characteristic way of life.
A good knowledge of the society, their interest, needs, aspirations, expectation and value system is vital; thus, the curriculum is meant to serve its society.
b) NEW INNOVATION: Due to new innovation in the educational system then it is necessary to change the curriculum in order to work together for development of the society.
Learning which is regarded as essential in the last epoch is dismissed as trivial, irrelevant or harmful. in the area of mathematics there is now “New Math” in other areas of Science we have combinations and permutations of branches of science such as agric economics, agric-engineering biochemistry, biophysics. etc.
NEW POLICY ON EDUCATION: The economy had changed. It began to demand skilled men and women. The objectives of educational Nigeria had changed and the curriculum needed to change to meet the new objectives. Therefore all the changes in the society, which will effect in the curriculum, and finally, there should be new policy on education to back it up.
2. Who are the various participants or stakeholder involved in education reform and curriculum change and respective roles and interests in policy formation?
There are various participants or stakeholder involved in Education reform and curriculum change as stated below:
i. Educational Administrators and planners.
ii. Subject specialist
iii. Curriculum experts
iv. Interest groups
vi. Professional body such a s Mathematics Association of Nigeria (MAN), Science Teachers Association of Nigerian (STAN), National Board for Technical Education,(NBTE), National Educational Research Council (NERC) Comparative Education, Study and Adaptation Centre, (CESAC), National Teacher Institute (NTI) etc.
vii. Both Federal and state Ministry of Education
3. What are the potential problems and areas of conflict that may arise from formulating and implementing of changes in curriculum.
There are potential problems and areas of conflict that may arise from formulating and implementing of hangs in curriculum as stated below:
i. Inadequate of funding can cause potential problems through the changing of the curriculum.
ii. Unstable political environment is another factor which may cause problem, when implementing the changes in curriculum.
iii. Corruption is a strong factor that, can cause potential problems and areas of conflict when the money that is meant for education is diverted to another thing entirely.
4. Suggest ways of managing/dealing with conflict and resistance as well as mobilizing popular support for on going or proposed change in curriculum.
The following reasons or ways may solve problems of conflict and resistance as well as mobilizing popular support for on going or proposed change in curriculum.
i. Adequate find should be provided for the proposed change in curriculum.
ii. Corruption should be discouraged
iii. Stable government should be involved
iv. Interest group should be involved
v. The teacher as the implementer of the curriculum should be involves.
vi. Political interference at the right time
vii. Disseminate of information should be done at the appropriate time.
5. Give example of sensitive or challenging curriculum policy issues In Nigerian in particular social social political and cultural content.
The examples of sensitive or challenging curriculum policy issues In Nigerian in particular social political and cultural content are:
i. Political fraction
ii. Culture and custom
iii. Avoid gender discrimination.