Post date: Mar 30, 2014 9:22:22 PM

1. The three national issues that commonly prompt and shape changes in curriculum and educational systems are

i. Changes in what is known about learning experiences.

ii. Changes necessitated by feedback from curriculum evaluation.

iii. Changes in the objectives of education emanating from changes in social values, beliefs, traditions etc

2. The various participants or stakeholders involved in education reforms and curriculum changes and their respective roles in policy formulation are as follows:

i. Teachers

ii. Students

iii. Local government or state education officers

iv. Curriculum developers

v. Lay citizens

vi. Parents

3. The potential problems to curriculum change

i. Denial of teacher involvement

ii. Capabilities of the teachers to successfully effect the change.

iii. Lack of funds

4. Ways of managing conflict

i. Involvement of teachers in the process of curriculum change

ii. Teachers should be sent on refresher courses to keep their knowledge up to date.

iii. Government at all levels should appropriate funds from their annual budget for the purpose of curriculum change.

5. Examples of sensitive challenging curriculum policy in Nigeria in particular; social-political and cultural contex.

i. Political favoritism

ii. Racial discrimination

iii. Religious beliefs